BNR: Half of Romania’s GDP is Generated by 7 Cities

Romania has annually closed an average of two percentage points of the gap with the European average. In 2000, Romania’s GDP per capita (at purchasing power parity) stood at around 25% of the EU average, but currently, this figure exceeds 75%, said Csaba Balint, a member of the Board of Director of the National Bank of Romania.

An important role was played by the dynamic increase in labor productivity, Balint believes, and Romania had the fastest growth in the CEE region.
This positive trend was largely supported by economic restructuring: in 2000, almost 45% of the employed population was involved in agriculture, followed by industry (22%) and market services (21%). currently, the weight has shifted significantly towards market services with a much higher added value. Within the services sector, certain categories such as IT&C have shown exceptionally fast growth. If we analyze the share of the added value of the IT&C segment in the national economies, Romania is in the top 5 of the EU countries.
In addition to the country’s capital, there are numerous regional economic centers – such as Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Brașov, Iași, Constanța or Craiova, which play an important role in development. The seven most important economic poles in Romania contribute to more than 50% of the national GDP.
All counties in Romania have made significant progress in the last almost two and a half decades in terms of GDP per capita, but regional disparities have increased, said the BNR expert.
In the current global context, characterized by uncertainty and major structural changes, Romania must be prepared to respond to some challenges: the aging of the population, the transition to a green economy, digitization, geopolitical tensions and global fragmentation, as well as the impact of artificial intelligence, with all its aspects positives and associated risks, the economist concluded.
7 citiesBNRCsaba BalintGDPNational Bank of RomaniaRomania
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