The latest EY Renewable Energy Country Attractiveness Index (RECAI 60) show that governments around the world are accelerating their renewables programs to help reduce their reliance on imported energy, in the face of continuing geopolitical tensions and economic uncertainty. Launched today to coincide with Energy Day at COP27, RECAI 60 ranks the world’s top 40 markets on the attractiveness of their renewable energy investment and deployment opportunities.
The US retains its top position due to the Inflation Reduction Act passed in August 2022, which is viewed as a game changer for its green hydrogen industry. At number two, China remains committed to accelerating its renewable energy transition as it seeks to bring emissions to a peak by 2030 and achieve net-zero emissions by 2060. Germany climbs one place to third position as the renewables sector, boosted by its Easter package commitment, is expected to triple its expansion within a decade.
The UK, having lost its top ranking for installed offshore wind capacity this year to China, has moved down one spot to fourth. However, the country does boast a large pipeline, with offshore wind featured prominently in the government’s energy strategy. Netherlands has entered the top 10 of the RECAI index with its ambitious clean energy agenda, which includes a 70GW offshore wind target by 2050. Other notable markets include Greece, with a very strong performance driven by new targets of 15GW of new clean energy by 2030 and 2GW of offshore wind in the same timeframe. And Indonesia is a new entrant into the top 40 following new legislation to encourage renewable use.
Mihai Drăghici, Director, Consulting, EY România: “Romania retained its position in top 30 Corporate Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) index which act as a proxy for country level corporate PPA potential. The results were announced after a comprehensive evaluation of 100 markets on 12 key parameters.
The report is a recognition of the local market potential for PPA instruments that can contribute to energy cost reduction and long term price stability for energy intensive companies while offering the long term contracts required by developers to finance new investments in renewables.”
Presenting the first normalized RECAI ranking
RECAI uses various criteria to compare the attractiveness of renewables markets, such as magnitude of development pipeline, that reflect the absolute size of the renewable investment opportunity. Hence, the index naturally benefits large economies. This edition includes a new one-off index, which normalizes gross domestic product (GDP), thereby showcasing markets that are performing above expectations for their GDP.
Morocco (normalized RECAI ranking:1, RECAI ranking:19) is making use of its topographical features to build flexibility into its power system, with wind expected to overtake solar in the coming decade and pumped storage hydropower being developed in its mountainous areas. Green hydrogen, meanwhile, is seen as a key aspect of decarbonization in Chile (normalized RECAI ranking: 5, RECAI ranking: 17), which hopes to become a top exporter of the fuel. And Portugal (normalized RECAI ranking: 8, RECAI ranking: 25) is a good example of the importance of government commitment to renewables.
PPA index: despite current market conditions, fundamentals remain strong for further global market expansion
The report highlights that following an extended period of exponential growth – due to record high power prices and extreme market volatility – the volume of power generation committed through corporate Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) in 2022 is set to be less than 2021, although it is expected to be greater than 2020. Spain remains a top PPA market, accounting for around a third of new PPA capacity in Europe in 2022 so far. India jumps into the top ten following policy changes to give more flexibility and clarity to offtakers.
Bolstering global energy resilience
RECAI 60 further highlights that the need for energy resilience has never been more urgent. Ramping up renewable generation, accelerating energy diversification and increasing energy storage are global priorities. With this comes another testing proposition: how to accelerate the integration of increasing amounts of renewable energy into grids.