The Romanian mergers and acquisitions (M&A) market recorded 57 transactions in the first three months of 2023, representing a repeat of the deal volume observed during Q1 2022. Marking a strong start to 2023, the estimated value of local M&A activity was also higher on a year-on-year basis, at USD 2.5bn2 vs USD 1.9bn in Q1 2022 due to a 53% increase in the value of disclosed transactions.
The largest deal of the first quarter was the sale of Italy-based Enel Group’s operations in Romania to Public Power Corporation, the main electric power company in Greece, for approximately USD 1.4bn. Another notable transaction during this period was the acquisition of local bakery Vel Pitar by Mexico-based Grupo Bimbo for an estimated USD 210m. Furthermore, there where three transactions over USD 100m announced during Q1 2023.
Strategic investors continue to be the dominant players, accounting for 84% of transactions during this period. Domestic transactions registered a 94% advance in Q1 2023 when compared to the same period last year, counting 33 transactions, while foreign players decreased their activity by 42% on the Romanian market (21 transactions) compared to Q1 2022. In terms of country origin of investment, the most active investors came from Germany (3 deals), followed by the United States, the Netherlands, Switzerland and Israel, each recording 2 transactions.
The top three most active sectors by volume for Q1 2023 were Consumer Products & Retail (13 deals), Real Estate, Hospitality & Construction (11 deals) and Technology (7 deals).
 EY’s M&A database for Romania excludes transactions with stakes acquired of less than 15%
 includes an estimate of the value of transactions where no data was formerly disclosed by the parties or is not available in third party databases and/or reported by media sources