U.S.-Romania Small Modular Reactor (SMR) Workplan to Enhance Bilateral Nuclear Cooperation

The United States and Romania have entered into a new bilateral workplan that aims to enhance U.S.-Romania small modular reactor (SMR) collaboration and expand and modernize Romania’s civil nuclear power program.

Romanian Minister of Energy Virgil-Daniel Popescu and U.S. Embassy Bucharest Chargé d’Affaires David Muniz signed the U.S.-Romania Workplan on Small Modular Reactor Civil Nuclear Cooperation on May 24 during the U.S. Trade and Development Agency’s (USTDA) Small Modular and Advanced Reactor Planning Workshop, held May 24 and 25 in Bucharest, Romania.

The signing of the U.S.-Romania SMR Workplan demonstrates the strong commitment by the United States and Romania to advance clean nuclear technology in Romania and collaborate on the deployment of a NuScale Power SMR in Romania,” said Michael Lally, U.S. Department of Commerce Minister Counselor for Commercial Affairs at the U.S. Mission to the European Union during a May 23 press event organized by the U.S. Embassy in Bucharest.

The workplan is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce’s SMR Public-Private Program (SMR PPP), a whole-of-government initiative to promote transatlantic cooperation to deploy SMRs in Europe and Eurasia. It highlights potential collaborative activities to support Romania in the establishment and operation of an independent nuclear regulatory body and the development of any necessary nuclear legislation or regulations. Furthermore, it also identifies potential activities in the areas of financing, public engagement, trade promotion, infrastructure, and cooperation in research and development.

Its signing follows the November 2021 announcement of the commercial agreement between NuScale and Romanian utility Nuclearelectrica by Romanian President Klaus Iohannis and U.S. Special Presidential Envoy for Climate John Kerry at the United Nations Climate Change Summit (COP26). The agreement includes the construction of a six-module NuScale plant that will initially create over 3,700 combined U.S. and Romanian jobs, with the potential to create 30,000 combined U.S. and Romanian jobs as the project progresses.

civilnuclear powerNuScaleRomaniasmall modular reactorSMRUnited Statesworkplan
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