33 years after the anti-communist Revolution, in which the judiciary failed to find anyone guilty of the crimes committed then, the Romanian Intelligence Service (SRI) announces that the file on the involvement of State Security Department (DSS) personnel in the events of 1989 has been declassified.
The declassified file was part of the investigations of the “December 1989″ Commission, established in 1991 in the Senate with the aim of investigating the events in Bucharest and in the country from December 1-31, 1989.
The declassification of the file is part of the project previously announced by the SRI leadership to bring to light the entire set of documents regarding the events of 1989, in the spirit of full transparency, with the aim of providing researchers and historians with tools for knowledge about the period in question”, states SRI.
“Understanding the price that some people paid for these ideals (of the Revolution -n.n.) cannot be fully realized in the absence of a key concept: the truth! And I am referring here, first of all, to the truth regarding the bloody events of 1989”, said the director of SRI, Eduard Hellvig.
“Unfortunately, hundreds of families are still waiting for answers, hundreds of victims are still waiting for their peace, and millions of Romanians are still waiting for this truth to close once and for all one of the bloodiest chapters of Romanian communism. Truth has no beginning or end. Just as he does not belong to anyone in particular. All of us, however, are responsible for its full outcome, and that will be history. We have, therefore, the obligation to search for it continuously, with all our energy”, the SRI director added.
He also announced that he had declassified and published on the SRI website all the documents that the institution still had in its custody regarding the 1989 Revolution: “I hope that through this approach, any additional piece of information brought to light will be able to contribute to writing history. A sign that the Romanian state must shake itself and really condemn, in the full legal sense, communism. And not only communism, because the former Securitate also made an important contribution to the bloody repression of anti-communist demonstrators in December 1989. That repressive apparatus of the Romanian state at that time is reprehensible because it had as its priority the defense of the Communist Party and its leaders, it was not an information service dedicated to the defense of citizens. The heroes we commemorate today, December 22, deserve the truth. Because they did not fight for abstract ideas or for different political lines” .
The file can be studied here.
The General Prosecutor’s Office announced on August 3 that it had sent back to the court the file of the Revolution, in which former President Ion Iliescu, former Deputy Prime Minister Gelu Voican Voiculescu and General Iosif Rus, former head of the Military Aviation, are being prosecuted for crimes against humanity.
On May 21, 2021, the file of the Revolution had been returned to the Military Prosecutor’s Office by the supreme court, for several problems in the indictment.
The prosecutor’s office attached to the High Court of Cassation and Justice published, on Tuesday, on the institution’s website, the indictment from the “Revolution” file. Volume 1 of the indictment has 345 pages.
33 years are marked this year since the fall of the communist regime and since the Romanian Revolution, with no final ruling in court. Read more here.