July 2023 confirmed as the hottest month on record

July 2023 has been confirmed as the hottest month in the history of meteorological measurements, according to the European Copernicus agency. Specialists say that the data for this month exceeded all estimates and beat the previous record of July 2019.

Last month, marked by heatwaves and fires all over the globe, was 0.33 degrees Celsius warmer than the month that held the record until now (July 2019, with an average temperature of 16.63 degrees Celsius). The air temperature was also 0.72 higher than the average (1991-2020) for July, Copernicus reported.

Forecasts were already showing since July 27, a few days before the end of the month, that it would be the hottest on record, given that many records had already been set in the days that had passed. The estimates then prompted UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to raise a new alarm and state that the planet had passed the era of global warming and entered that of “global boiling”.

The oceans are also bearing witness to this worrying development after surface temperatures have been abnormally high since April and reached unprecedented levels in July.

An absolute record was reached on July 30, when 20.96 degrees Celsius were recorded, and for the month as a whole, the surface temperature was 0.51 degrees Celsius higher than the average (1991-2020).

The signs of climate warming caused by human activities – starting with the use of fossil fuels (coal, oil, gas) – were simultaneously manifested at the global level.

Extreme phenomena and events have occurred all over the globe – from Greece and southern Europe devastated by fires, to Canada or China affected by apocalyptic floods. The scientific network World Weather Attribution (WWA) has already concluded that recent episodes of extreme heat in Europe and the United States would have been “almost impossible” without the effects of human industrial activity.

Copernicus also transmitted that the ice sheet in Antarctica reached the smallest surface in a month of July since the beginning of satellite observations, with 15% less than the corresponding average for this month.

climate warmingcopernicusfiresfloodsGreecehistoryhottestJuly 2023monthrecord
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