Romanians, the second EU migrants to UK

According to the Migration Observatory, the Eurozone jobs crisis is encouraging more southern European migrants to head to the UK to join those from the east.

The survey reckons that 700,000 EU national have come to live and work in the UK in the past five years, with 49 % of them coming from Poland and Romania, while 24% originated from Spain, Italy and Portugal.

If there were 223,000 Romanians migrating to Great Britain in 2011, in 2105 there were only 85,000 of them. Romania comes second after Poland which has seen the largest migrant flow to the UK, on an upward trend unlike Romania: 818,000 last year compared to 615,000 in 2011.

The Migration Observatory quoted by BBC argues there is no single “pull factor” but a mixture, including wages and economic prospects.

Just over 70% of EU citizens coming to live in the UK for at least a year say they are coming to work, with more than half of them already having a job to start.

Madeleine Sumption, director of the Migration Observatory, said the rise in southern European arrivals indicated that the reasons why people moved differed depending on their origins – and could also change over time.

“There is no single factor driving high levels of EU migration in recent years,” she said.

“Some drivers are likely to remain in place for some years, such as the relatively low wages in new EU member states, particularly Romania. Others could potentially dissipate more quickly, like high unemployment in Spain. Migration may respond more to factors that governments don’t directly control, like demographics and economic growth in other EU countries.”

crisisEurozoneitalyjobsmigrantsMigration ObservatoryPolandPortugalRomanianssecondsouthern europeanSpainUKwork
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