Romania has one of the oldest wine making traditions in the world, its viticulture dating back more than 2000 years. Romania is also one of the world’s largest top wine producers. Despite a 20% drop production in 2014, according to International Organization of Vine and Wine, Romania remains the 12th largest wine producer in the world and the 6th largest in Europe.
Our country has around 190,000 hectares of vineyards, although 30 years ago the vineyard area recorded almost 300,000 hectares. Romania has several wine regions, starting from the Transylvanian Basin, Moldavia, Banat, and 39 vineyards, with some of the best known being Târnave from Cotnari, Huşi, Panciu, Odobeşti, Dealu Mare, Murfatlar, Recaş. According to Adevarul, Vrancea is the county with the largest grape-vine area.
Odobesti Vineyard is one of largest and oldest vineyards in Romania dating back to the 17th century. Its most famous product is Galbenă de Odobeşti, a light white wine with a delicate bouquet that keeps the fragrance of the mellow grape. Odobeşti vineyard stretches across Boloteşti, Jariștea and Odobeşti viticulture area on approximately 7,000 hectares.
Panciu Vineyard is again very well known around the country and around the world, with an area of approximately 10,000 hectares. It is located in a temperate zone, which makes the wines, both white and red, have a special aroma. The wines from Panciu vineyard can be classified as wines with briskly character made both from autochthonous grape varieties such as Plăvaie, Galbenă, Băbească Fetească Albă and Fetească Neagră, and other varieties of wine grapes, such as Fetească Regală, Italian Riesling, Aligoté, Sauvignon, Muscat Ottonel, Pinot Noir and Merlot, which have become equally famous in the vineyard. Currently, Panciu Vineyard is specialized in the production of dry white wines, which are used for obtaining sparkling wine.
Dealu Mare Vineyard is one of the emblems of the Romanian viticulture, being particularly famous for its red varieties. Located in the hilly area of the Carpathians, the vineyard covers an area of 14,500 hectares. The most famous red varieties wines are Cabernet Sauvignon, Fetească Neagră, Pinot Noir, and Merlot. Experts here say that the sun is present here 14 days more than in the rest of the country, which confers more flavors to the wine.
Târnave Vineyard, in Alba County, is again a well-established one, being the largest in Transylvania, stretching over nearly 3,000 hectares. It includes Blaj, Bălcaciu Jidvei, Cetatea de Baltă, Valea Lungă, Şona, Crăciunelul de Jos, Cenade, Ohaba, Roşia de Secaş. Between 1972 and 1974 Jidvei wine complex was built. The vineyards stretch over a 1,000 ha area of which 200 ha are annually renewed.
Cotnari Vineyard is famous worldwide for the delicious sweet white wines made of grapes rich in sugar and harvested in late autumn following the first frost, such as Grasă de Cotnari, a noble aromatic wine with a nut-like savor. Cotnari Vineyard dates back from around 1450 and today stretches over 1,750 ha. The majority of the production is exported in Europe, but also in countries like USA, Canada, Japan, Russia or China. The winery’s most popular wines include Frâncuşă (dry), Fetească Albă (semi-sweet) – highly appreciated for preserving the flavor and freshness of the grape.
Murfatlar Vineyard is one of the most famous Romanian vineyards located just miles west from the Black Sea coast. The special quality of Murfatlar wines is mostly due to the climate and soil conditions of the region. The vineyard is famous for its sweet and semi-sweet wines. Soft, rich red wines are also produced here – Cabernet Sauvignon and Pinot Noir being the most popular.