The available incomes of the rural households are about 25 percent lower than those of the urban households, according to Romania’s Territorial Development Strategy recently adopted by the Government.
In cities, the household incomes account for over 60 percent of wages, while the main source of rural household incomes is the agricultural output (over 40 percent of total income).
“The differences in terms of level and structure of consumer spending are also high at the regional level: the highest monthly average per person was registered in Bucharest-Ilfov region, and the lowest in the South-West Oltenia region ,” authors strategy commented.
The document also points out “the significant disparities” in the development of entrepreneurship between the urban and rural areas, as municipalities provide only about 20 percent of the active companies and jobs at the national level.
According to the governmental document, small and medium-sized towns will be the most exposed to the demographic aging phenomenon in the coming decades as they face a sharp socio-economic decline for over two decades and have lost most of the younger workforce.
Thus, in Timisoara-Arad, Iasi, Oradea, Satu Mare and Braila-Galati cases, systems with cross-border potential are formed.