In Romania, the number of enterprise groups increased by 15.5 percent in 2014 compared to 2013, to less over 50,000, with 5,325 of them being all-resident enterprise groups (10 percent of the total) and 46,159 multinational enterprise groups (90 percent), show data released by the National Institute of Statistics (INS) on Friday.
“In Romania, 51,484 enterprise groups were identified in 2014, out of which 5,325 all-resident groups and 46,159 multinational groups (106 domestically controlled and 46,053 foreign-controlled, respectively). In 2014, approximately 10 percent of the total enterprise groups identified in Romania were all-resident, 90 percent of them being made up by two or three units,” INS says.
According to the INS, most of the enterprise groups in Romania are operating in trade, construction or manufacturing.
In 2014, the distribution of the enterprise groups in Romania by economic activity shows that most of them operate in: wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles — 32 percent of the total; construction — 13 percent of the total; manufacturing — 10 percent of the total; real estate activities — 10 percent of the total; professional, scientific and technical activities — 10 percent of the total.
“The all-resident enterprise groups predominantly operate in the following sections: wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles — 25 percent; professional, scientific and technical activities — 14 percent; manufacturing — 13 percent and construction — 12 percent,” INS reports.
According to the share of the number of employees, most of the enterprise subgroups in Romania are controlled from Germany, the Netherlands or France.
“The results of 2014 indicate that, according to the share of the number of employees, the first place is held by the enterprise subgroups controlled by legal or natural persons from Germany (17.5 percent), the second place is held by the enterprises controlled from Netherlands (11.9 percent) and the third place by those controlled from France (10.8 percent),” says the INS.