Primary energy production decreased, while imports of energy resources increased in Romania in 2018

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Total energy resources available in 2018 stood at about the same level with those of 2017; compared to previous year, the primary energy production decreased by 1.7%, while imports of energy resources increased by 4.2%, gross inland consumption of energy increased by 0.4% and final energy consumption increased by 1.5%, reads the latest data released today by the National Institute of Statistics (INS).
The total energy resources available in 2018 were at about the same level with those of previous year, cumulating 43.2 million tonnes oil equivalent1 (toe), the increase in the imports of energy resources (+4.2%) balancing out the decrease in primary energy production (-1.7%). Among the primary energy resources, more significant changes were noticed for coal, with a decrease of 455 thousand toe (-8.5%) and for crude oil and electricity with an increase of 269 toe, respectively 147 thousand toe.

Primary energy production was 24979 thousand toe in 2018, decreasing with 438 thousand toe as against 2017, due to the decrease in the production of coal, crude oil and usable natural gas, but preserving its significant weight in total energy resources, accounting for 57.8% of them. The production of electricity from recoverable resources (hydroelectric, wind and solar photovoltaic) increased by 8.6% compared to previous year (+178 thousand toe).

Total imports of energy products increased by 4.2% compared to previous year, mainly because of higher imports of crude oil (+511 thousand toe), usable natural gas (+258 thousand toe) and imported energy products (+11 thousand toe). Imports of coal (including coke) decreased with 78 thousand toe.

Final energy consumption increased with 342 thousand toe (+1.5%) in 2018 as against 2017. Final energy consumption in industry (including construction) increased with 212 thousand toe (+3.3%), mainly due to industrial branches with high consumption of energy resources, such as chemical and pharmaceutical products, rubber and plastics products (+87 thousand toe) and metallic construction, machinery and equipment industry (+101 thousand toe), whose cumulated energy consumptions account for 32.3% of final energy consumption in industry (including construction). In metallurgy, final energy consumption increased by 0.4% as against previous year. Beside industry, tertiary sector, population and agriculture also contributed to the increase in final energy consumption.

Energy exports (including bunkering) increased with 182 thousand toe (+3.1%) as compared to 2017.

Gross inland energy consumption per inhabitant in 2018 amounted to 1721 kg oil equivalent, increasing by 0.9% compared to 2017.

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