Compared with 1990, EU Baltic States, Romania and Bulgaria posted the most significant decline in EU in energy consumption.
More exactly, according to Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union, it’s about Lithuania (-57 percent), Latvia (-45 percent) and Estonia (-37 percent) – as well as in Romania (-44 percent) and Bulgaria (-33 percent). In contrast, the highest increases were registered in Cyprus (+41 percent), Ireland (+38 percent), Spain (+35 percent) and Austria (+33 percent).
With 314 Mtoe (or 19 percent of total energy consumption in the EU), Germany remained in 2015 the main user of energy in the EU, ahead of France (253 Mtoe, or 16 percent), the United Kingdom (191 Mtoe, or 12 percent), Italy (156 Mtoe, or 10 percent), Spain (121 Mtoe, or 7 percent) and Poland (95 Mtoe, or 6 percent).
In 2015, gross inland energy consumption, which reflects the energy quantities necessary to satisfy all inland consumption, amounted in the European Union (EU) to 1626 million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe), below its 1990 level (-2.5 percent) and down by 11.6 percent compared to its peak of almost 1,840 Mtoe in 2006.
Accounting for nearly three-quarters of EU consumption of energy in 2015, fossil fuels continued to represent by far the main source of energy, although their weight has constantly decreased over the past decades, from 83 percent in 1990 to 73 percent in 2015. However, over this period, EU dependency on imports of fossils fuels has increased, with 73 percent imported in 2015 compared with just over half (53 percent) in 1990. In other words, while in 1990 one tonne of fossil fuels was imported for each tonne produced in the EU, by 2015 three tonnes were imported for each tonne produced.
In every EU Member State, the share of fossil fuels in energy consumption decreased over the 1990-2015 period, most notably in Denmark (from 91 percent in 1990 to 69 percent in 2015), Latvia (from 83 percent to 61 percent) and Romania (from 96 percent to 74 percent).