The economic accounts for agriculture show that total agricultural output in the European Union (EU) stood at EUR 405 billion at basic prices in 2016, down by 2.8 percent compared with 2015.
According to Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union, with EUR 70.3 billion (or 17 percent of the EU total) in 2016, France had the highest total agricultural output across Member States. It was followed by Italy (EUR 53.4 billion, or 13 percent), Germany (EUR 52.9 billion, or 13 percent), Spain (EUR 46.8 billion, or 12 percent), the United Kingdom (EUR 27.9 billion, or 7 percent), the Netherlands (EUR 27 billion, or 7 percent), Poland (EUR 22.4 billion, or 6 percent) and Romania (EUR 15.4 billion, or 4 percent).
The 2.8 percent decrease in EU agricultural output in 2016 compared with 2015 can be mainly attributed to a fall (by 3.3 percent) in the value of animal output, mainly due to a decrease in prices (by 4.9 percent), partly compensated by an increase in volume (by 1.7 percent). This overall decrease in the value of animal output is mainly due to falls by 5.2 percent for milk and by 3.6 percent for cattle.
In 2016 compared with 2015, the value of agricultural output followed contrasting patterns between the EU Member States. In relative terms, the highest increase was recorded in Slovakia (+10.7 percent), ahead of Poland (+4.6 percent), Hungary (+4.1 percent), the Czech Republic (+3.5 percent) and Croatia (+3.4 percent). In contrast, the largest fall was registered in Estonia (-19.8 percent), followed by Latvia (-8.3 percent), France (-6.5 percent), Denmark (-5.4 percent) and Slovenia (-5.2 percent).
The value of crop output decreased in the EU by 2.5 percent with prices down by 1.8 percent and volume down by 0.7 percent. The decrease of 13.5 percent registered for cereals was partly compensated by increases of 23.5 percent for potatoes, of 4.5 percent for forage plants and of 2.7 percent for industrial crops.
EU agricultural input costs (intermediate consumption) have decreased by 3.4 percent. This was partly due to a decline of 8.6 percent for fertilisers and soil improvement, of 7.8 percent for energy and lubricants, of 5.1 percent for maintenance of buildings and of 2.7 percent for animal feeding stuffs.