ZEW: Romania needs over 10,000 robots to stay competitive in the region


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Robots increase productivity and competitiveness. Used effectively, they enable companies to become or remain competitive.

According to the latest study carried by the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF), their increased productivity can lead to increased demand, creating new job opportunities.

”Romania still has a low density of 15 robots per 10,000 employees, and needs over 10,000 robots in the coming years to remain competitive in the region,” ZEW reports.

At 309 units per 10,000 employees, robot density in German manufacturing industry is the third highest worldwide. At the same time, the number of people employed in Germany reached 44 million in 2017, the highest figure since reunification.

In Germany, the rise in the use of machines has allowed employment to grow by 1 percent. This development looks set to continue in future: based on details from companies surveyed, the ZEW estimates that further automation and digitalisation in industry will generate a 1.8 percent rise in employment by 2021.

According to Universal Robots estimates, in terms of robots number installed per 10,000 employees, Slovakia and Slovenia are better than the global average of 74 robots per 10,000 employees, with more than 130 units. The Czech Republic has a density of 100 robots per 10,000 workers, while Hungary has 60, and Poland 30 units per 10,000 workers. Romania still has a low density of 15 robots per 10,000 employees.



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