In 2016, the EU had on average 505 cars per 1 000 inhabitants. Amongst the Member States, Luxembourg topped the list with 662 cars per 1 000 inhabitants, followed by Italy (625 cars), Malta (615 cars), Finland (604 cars) and Cyprus (595 cars).
At the other end of the scale, the lowest number of cars were recorded in Romania (261 cars: 2015 data), Hungary (338 cars), Latvia (341 cars) and Croatia (374 cars) Eurostat informs.
Despite an increase over the last years, passenger cars powered by alternative fuels, including hybrid cars, only made up a small share of the fleet of passenger cars in the EU in 2016. This is reflected by the share of cars powered by alternative fuels being low among the newly registered passenger cars.
Overall, the passenger car fleet in almost all of the EU Member States has grown over the last five years. The highest number of cars per inhabitant was recorded in Luxembourg, followed by Italy, Malta and Finland. In 2016, Poland had by far the highest share of passenger cars older than 20 years, followed by Estonia and Malta.
Preferences with regards to petrol or diesel powered passenger cars vary across the EU Member States; amongst the Member States for which recent data are available, cars with petrol powered engines make up the majority of registered passenger cars in most of the countries; diesel powered passenger cars dominate in only eight Member States. When looking at petrol and diesel engines together, the medium sized engines dominated the passenger car fleet in most EU Member States; however, in Malta, Hungary, Portugal and Romania the smallest engines dominated.