On January 16, at 18.10h, Romania registered a peak export of 1,866MW, historic record since Transelectrica keeps centralized data on production, consumption and energy exports. The previous record was dated November 27, 2015 when exports reached 1,680MW.
For comparison, the export on January 16 was equal to the electric power produced by both reactors of the Cernavoda Nucler Power Plant and by the two turbines of the Iron Gates 2 hydro plant, cotidianul.ro reports.
The journalists conclude that, at the time, on January 16, most of the energy produced by Hidroelectrica and the wind farms was exported. The level of exports was high on January 17 too at 1,300-1,400MW given the high output of wind energy and that there is a high demand for electric power in the region due to the cold weather. In Hungary prices reached EUR 120/MWh against EUR 70-80 or maximum EUR 100/MWh in Romania. The mentioned paper says the traders are getting richer by exporting energy subsidised by the Romanian consumers.
At the time of the historic record in terms of exports, Romania’s energy output was of 11,138MW, very close to the historic record of 11,270MW set last week. Consumption reached 9,272MW. The production by source was: thermal energy – about 35%, hydro energy – 25%, wind energy – 18%, the rest being produced by the nuclear plant, photovoltaic energy and biomass.
The record exports are registered days after the decision to have the energy exports ceased in case of crisis situations. Last week, the government approved a decision allowing the ban of electricity exports during crisis situations, in force from January 16 to February 15.
Transelectrica warned at the time about an imminent crisis in the national energy system operation due to weather forecasts.
The notification brings as arguments the weather forecast for severe cold (January 17-20), the deficit in electric energy due to the low level of Danube with the flow reaching a minimum of 1,800 cubic metres per second and the fall in water reserves in large hydropower reservoirs following the use of water to offset the system. Another factor is the deficit of electric power in the neighbouring countries, given the cold wave since January 6.