All pigs at the pig farm complex where the African swine fever has been confirmed, i.e. 44,580 heads, will be slaughtered and the carcasses will be destroyed, the National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority (ANSVSA) has said on Monday.
The epidemiological inquiry was initiated by ANSVSA on June 28 as a result of the detection of African swine fever virus in a slaughterhouse belonging to a commercial pig farm in Tulcea County and the results of laboratory tests have confirmed its presence in the farms belonging to the same holding.
“According to the procedures, all pigs on the holding (44,580 heads) will be sacrificed, from which a sufficient number of samples will be taken, the laboratory results will be used in epidemiological investigations to determine how the African swine fever virus was introduced into the pig farm complex, the carcasses of the swine will be destroyed under official supervision, and four mobile incinerators have been brought from Timis County, with the support of the Ministry of National Defence,” ANSVSA informs.
Two European Commission experts will participate in the assessment of the situation and will offer expert advice for operative management.
This is the first time that this disease is confirmed in a commercial pig farm.
The Institute of Diagnosis and Animal Health (IDSA) confirmed at mid June the presence of African swine fever in four private households in the villages of Ceatalchioi and Sălceni, Ceatalchioi commune in the Danube Delta, Tulcea County.
The confirmation was made by the Director of the Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority (DSVSA), Mitica Tuchilă.
African swine fever is, according to DSVSA, a disease of domestic and wild boar that cannot be prevented by vaccinations and which causes serious socio-economic damages.
Hunting in the Danube Delta has been forbidden for many years.
African swine fever was confirmed last year in Romania for the first time in a private household on the outskirts of Satu-Mare.
African swine fever virus was recently detected in a sample taken from a wild boar found dead on the Noroieni forest hunting ground in Satu-Mare County, about 6 kilometres from the Hungarian border and 10 kilometres from the Ukrainian border, the ANSVSA informed on May 31.
The possible way of contamination of the dead wild boar was by contact with other flocks of boars infected with the African swine fever viruses in Hungary or Ukraine, countries where the disease was diagnosed in the forest.