Romania ranks 11th in the Eastern European region in the Democracy Index 2019 released today, with an overall score of 6.49, being ranked as a flawed democracy in terms of the regime type. Romania ranks 63rd in the index worldwide.
Our country points a score of 9.17 on electoral process and pluralism, 5.71 on functioning of government, 5.56 in terms of political participation, 4.38 on political culture and 7. 65 on civil liberties.
Romania climbed in the the ranking to 6.49 in 2019 from 6.38 in 2018 and 6.44 in 2017, but decreased as against 2016 when it had a score of 6.62. Romania’s highest score was in 2006 and 2008- 7.06.
In 2019 eastern Europe’s average score in the Democracy Index remained unchanged at 5.42 compared with 2018. This remains markedly below the region’s score of 5.76 in 2006, when the index was begun. Improvements in the scores for a few countries, notably Armenia and Ukraine, were offset by falling scores for others, notably Belarus and the Kyrgyz Republic.
In total eight countries’ scores rose in 2019, nine fell, and 11 stagnated. This mixed picture suggests that eastern Europe’s democratic malaise persists amid a weak political culture, difficulties in safeguarding the rule of law, endemic corruption, a rejection by some countries of “liberal” democratic values, and a preference for “strongmen” who bypass political institutions, all of which creates a weak foundation for democracy.
The index has been conducted by the Economist Intelligence Unit, providing a snapshot of the state of democracy worldwide in 165 independent states and two territories.
According to The Economist Intelligence Unit’s measure of democracy, almost one-half (48.4%) of the world’s population live in a democracy of some sort, although only 5.7% reside in a “full democracy”, down from 8.9% in 2015 as a result of the US being demoted from a “full democracy” to a “flawed democracy” in 2016. More than one-third of the world’s population live under authoritarian rule, with a large share being in China.
Last year, 22 were considered as full democracies, 54 flawed democracies, 37 hybrid regimes and 54 authoritarian regimes.
According to the 2019 Democracy Index, 76 of the 167 countries covered by the model, or 45.5% of all countries, can be considered to be democracies. The number of “full democracies” increased to 22 in 2019, up from 20 in 2018, as Chile, France and Portugal joined the top-ranked countries (those scoring more than 8.00), while Malta was relegated to the “flawed democracy” category.
“The global march of democracy stalled in the 2000s and retreated in the second decade of the 21st century. But the recent wave of protest in the developing world and the populist insurgency in the mature democracies show the potential for democratic renewal,” said Joan Hoey, Editor, The Democracy Index.
The countries considered full democracies, with scores ranging from 9.87 to 8.03 are: Norway, Iceland, Sweden, New Zealand, Finland, Ireland, Denmark, Canada, Australia, Switzerland, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Germany, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Austria, Spain, Mauritius, Costa Rica, France, Chile and Portugal.