Romania registers the fifth lowest female labour market participation in the European Union (56 percent), 2013 statistics issued by Eurostat reveal. Greece, Italy , Croatia and Spania have also lowest female employment rates, while Sweden, Germany, Denmark and Finland see the highest rates when it comes to women’s employment.
Romanian women represented 44 percent of the labour market in 2013, with 32 percent holding management positions. 61 percent of them were working in sales and services.
On the other hand, the gender gap on wages was settled to 9.1 percent, ranking Romania among the first ten EU states with the lowest gaps between men and women, more precisely the seventh position.
A survey conducted by Estuar Romania Foundation also points to the low female employment rate of Romanian women compared to Romanian men. The foundation argues this happens despite the fact that women have a highest education level, representing 60 percent of the total number of university graduates.
Regarding the top management positions among women in Romania, Mercer HR consultancy company thinks that, on the contrary, the number of Romanian women in leading positions is higher compared to other EU countries due to the lack of state financial aids granted in the post maternal period. So, in other words, Romanian women prefer to go back to work than stay home with their babies because they need money.
On the other hand, to mark International Women’s Day (IWD) on Sunday 8th March 2015, PwC surveyed 8,756 female millennials (women born between 1980-1995) from 75 countries to find out how they feel about the world of work and their career. The study disclosed that female millennials are the most confident and ambitious of any female generation. According to the quoted survey, 49% of female millennials starting their careers believe they can reach the very top levels with their current employer. 86% of female millennials in a relationship are part of a dual-career couple, while 66% earn the same as or more than their partner or spouse.
Yet, almost half say employers are too male biased when it comes to internal promotions and 71% feel that opportunities are not equal for all.