Romania’s population dropped by 110, 700 persons compared to 2015, reaching 19,760 thousand people on January 1st this year, the National Institute of Statistic reveal. The main cause of this decline is the negative natural increase (-75655 persons), but the drop is also due to increasing migration.
Romania continues to be an emigration country. The net international migration during 2015 was negative, with 58,000 more emigrants than immigrants. In 2015, unlike in 2014, more men than women emigrated (50.9%). As far as immigrants are concerned, men were in the majority (53.6%).
The long-term temporary international net migration was negative (-57932persons).
The female residents on 1st January 2016 was 10, 107 thousand persons, a drop of 0.6% compared to the same date of the previous year. However, the female population (51.2%), as well as the urban population (53.8%), are in the majority.
Demographic ageing also increased; the gap between the elderly population aged 65 and over and the young population aged 0-14 reached almost 400 thousand persons (3,436 thousand persons compared to 3,059 thousand persons).
The age dependency ratio increased from 48.1 to 49.0 young and elderly persons per 100 adults.
Romanian rankis third in the EU among the states with the highest demographic decline, after Germany (-187,000 in 2015) and Italy (-161,800).
Experts forecast a rise in the Romania’s demographic decline in the next decades. Romania’s population is thought to reach 14.4 million citizens in 2050, according to an UN report released in 2015.