Over 200 people are dying in Romania on an annual basis due to fires while another 600 are injured, reads a project by the General Inspectorate for the Emergency Situations (IGSU). The same report warns that the firemen’s interventions are burdened, as over half of the fire extinction equipment is older than 20 years.
The IGSU launched to debate the consolidation and development strategy for 2016-2025 in early August. The strategy aims at ‘increasing the operational capacity of reaction, at curbing the impact of the emergency situations on the communities and at improving the quality of the missions’. More precisely, it’s a training and investment plan of the rescue teams for a better intervention in cases such as the one in the Colectiv nightclub last year or the air crashes in the past years.
The documents shows that fires represent the most frequent risk in emergency situations in Romania, according information gathered in the past 7 years. So, fires are outranking natural, technological or biological disasters in Romania. Therefore, during 2008-2015, the number of fires in Romania increased from 15,500 per year to 26,247.
The situation is concerning when it also comes to victims. 200 people lose their lives in fires per year, while the injured is around 400-600.
The main causes of the fires are broken electric devices or improvised devices (26%), using open fire without respecting rules (15%), scarce maintenance of the chimneys (24%) and intended actions (10%).
Among the most common issued that firemen are facing at present there are the old intervention technique, with 56% of the devices being more than 20-year-old. This can lead to the lack of an assessment of the risks at national level, shortage of the specialized staff and procedures insufficiently put into force.
IGSU aims at development with money from the interior Ministry, European funds and foreign loans guaranteed by the Government, but also from sponsorships or donations. According to the report, the budgetary impact for the upcoming two years, 2016-2018, mounts to around EUR 103 M.