More than a third of Romania’s population is at risk of poverty and social exclusion, whereas among children up to six years the percentage is 46%, according to an info-graphic by Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung Romania, citing Eurostat data in 2015.
The info-graphic shows that Romania joined the European Union in 2007 with a percentage of 47% of the population living in poverty, according to the AROPE indicator.
The AROPE indicator is an indicator of poverty measuring the people in material poverty (annual income below the poverty line), the population in a state of severe material deprivation and the population living in households with low labour intensity. In 2015, the percentage of population living in poverty in Romania had fallen to 37.3%, i.e. a reduction of poverty by about 10 percentage points,” the document reads.
This level of poverty places Romania second in UE28, higher than Bulgaria, which recorded a rate of 41.3% of the population in AROPE poverty, but still well above the average of 23.7% in the UE28. In Germany and Sweden, the poverty level is just below 20% of the population.
“Despite the decline in poverty in the entire population, the info-graphic shows that the improvement was rather reflected on a vulnerable group and not evenly on the general population. Thus, in 2007 almost 58% of Romanians over 65 lived in poverty and in 2015 this figure fell by 24 p.p. to 33% of the population over 65 years old. Unlike in 2007, about 52% of children up to six years old lived in poverty and this figure has decreased only by 6% until 2015, when it amounted to 46% of this population,” the release reads.
Basically, most of the decrease in AROPE poverty in Romania was registered for the elderly, whereas the very young population remained at approximately the same level as in the past.
The situation is relatively similar to what happened to the European Union’s general population, where about 17% of the elderly population lives in AROPE poverty and 26% of the population under 6 years old lives in this type of poverty.