Romania has the lowest number of people working in the area of culture in the European Union – 1.6 percent, Eurostat statistics reveal, growing, however, from the 2011 level of 1.4 percent.
Romania is followed by Slovakia (2.5 percent) and Bulgaria (2.8 percent).
At the same time, the highest shares of cultural employment were observed in Estonia (5.3 percent), ahead of Luxembourg (5.1 percent) and Sweden (5.0 percent).
Between 2011 and 2016 the number of people working in the area of culture grew steadily, with 549 000 more jobs (+7 percent) in the EU in 2016 than in 2011. In 2016, around 8.4 million people were employed in a cultural sector or occupation in the European Union (EU), accounting for 3.7 percent of the total number of persons employed.
Almost 2 million of those employed were artists and writers, of whom nearly half (48 percent) were self-employed. This is a much higher share of self-employed than that reported for total employment (15 percent).
The level of education of those employed in a cultural area stands out. Almost 60 percent of people working in culture in the EU had a tertiary education, compared with 34 percent in total employment.
Also, less than a third of the population attended a cultural or sports event in Romania in 2015 – 29.6 percent, Eurostat showed.