Growing demographic decline in Romania: Resident population down by 120,000 on January 1, 2018

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On 1st January 2018, the usually resident population amounted to 19,524 thousand citizens, a  drop of 120.7 thousand people compared to 1st January 2017, the National Institute of Statistics (INS) informed on Wednesday.

The main cause of this decline is the negative natural increase (the number of deceased people exceeded the number of live births by 71,125 people).
Demographic ageing became more pronounced, rising to 116.9 elderly persons per 100 young people under 15; the gap between the elderly population aged 65 and over and the young  population aged 0-14 reaching 513 thousand people (3 551 thousand people compared to 3  038 thousand people), rising from 439 thousand people on January 1 st, 2017.

The urban population, as well as the female population are in the majority (53.8% and 51.%, respectively).

On 1st January 2018, the usually resident population in the urban area amounted to 10 498 thousand  people, a 0.3% decrease compared to 1st January 2017. The female population on 1st January 2018 was                9 980 thousand people, a drop of 0.6% compared to the same date of the previous year.

Demographic ageing became more pronounced compared to 1st January 2017, with an increase in the share of elderly people (aged 65 and over). The ageing index increased from 114.4 (on 1st January 2017)  to 116.9 elderly people per 100 young people (on 1st January 2018).

The share of the population aged 0‐14 in the total population remained at the amount determined for  1st January 2017 (15.6%), while the share of the population aged 65 and over in the total population  registered an increase of 0.4 percentage points (from 17.8% in 2017 to 18.2% on 1st January, 2018). Thus, the age dependency ratio increased from 50.1 (on 1st January 2017) to 50.9 young and elderly  people per 100 adults (on 1st January 2018).

Romania continues to be an emigration country, the phenomenon of emigration being the second  biggest cause of the usually resident population decline. The net international migration during 2017p   was negative, with 53 thousand more emigrants than immigrants.   In 2017, more men than women emigrated (50.9%). As far as immigrants are concerned, men were in  the majority (53.5%).

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