Former president Ion Iliescu was heard at the Prosecutor’s Office in the Miners’ riot file where he is suspect. The hearing took place several days ago, Digi24 informs.
It is the first hearing of the former Romanian president after prosecutors initiated prosecution agains him in October last year.
Former Romania’s president made an ample statement in the file related to the miners’ riot on June 13-15, 1990. Other former high ranking officials have been prosecuted back then, among whom former PM Petre Roman, former head of the Romanian Intelligence Service (SRI) Virgil Magureanu, as well as two ex- heads of the Interior and Defence ministries. Ex-SRI director in the 90s, Virgil Magureanu have been summoned for hearings in this file precisely on Thursday.
The General Prosecutor’s Office informed that seven suspects, 455 victims or their heirs and 18 witnesses have been heard in the 1990 miners’ riot file in the past six months.
More hearings are to follow by the end of this month, with checks being conducted on about 1,000 people in the prosecutors’ data base. 850 summons have been released overall.
Ion Iliescu is investigated for crimes against humanity related to the violent repression of the manifestation in University Square in the morning of June 13, 1990. The events claimed four lives and left other three injured by shooting. Another 1,000 people have been injured and apprehended.
The military prosecutors claim that Ion Iliescu, as leader of the ruling party in 1990, decided to violently repress the meeting by attacking the civil population and by bringing the miners from the Jiu Valley to the Capital city.
Initially, Ion Iliescu had been investigated for three crimes: war propaganda, genocide and inhuman treatment.
Subsequently, military prosecutors changed the legal classification of the offenses to crimes against humanity, accusing him that, next to other high ranking officials back then, decided to violently repress the manifestation which later on led to the attack against the civil population attended by military forces within the Interior Ministry, Ministry of National Defence and Romanian Intelligence Service.
Prosecutors also say that Ion Iliescu, Petre Roman, Virgil Măgureanu, Gelu Voican-Voiculescu, Nicolae Dumitru, Corneliu Diamandescu, Mihai Chițac and Mugurel Florescu decided on June 13, 1990 to bring over 10,000 miners from Jiu Valley to Bucharest, and they continued the attacks on the civil population, while injurying and detaining about 1,000 people.
At the same time, several trade union leaders and mines’ directors, as well as other officials have been prosecuted for organizing the miners’ ride to Bucharest.