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Iulia Motoc has been elected as a judge of the International Criminal Court. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs welcomes her appointment in this capacity, following the elections held on December 4, 2023, emphasizing that it is a milestone for Romania and represents a success of Romanian diplomacy.
The International Criminal Court is the only permanent international criminal court that adjudicates crimes against humanity, war crimes, genocide, or crimes of aggression.
According to a statement from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Iulia Motoc’s promotion to a judge’s position at the International Criminal Court and her election to this position are part of Romania’s active efforts to support the International Criminal Court, a unique institution mandated to sanction those who commit crimes against humanity, war crimes, genocide, or crimes of aggression, under the Rome Statute. “The Ministry of Foreign Affairs expresses its belief that Professor Iulia Motoc’s vast expertise in the field of protecting and promoting fundamental rights will contribute to strengthening professionalism and ethics at the International Criminal Court, reinforcing justice at the international level,” the statement said.
The International Criminal Court (ICC) is the first and only permanent international criminal court, the source specified. “This institution was established by the Rome Statute of the ICC, adopted on July 17, 1998, which entered into force on July 1, 2002. Currently, 123 states are parties to the ICC Statute. The ICC is complementary to national criminal jurisdictions, and its jurisdiction includes the most serious crimes affecting the international community as a whole. Romania has traditionally been a supporter of international criminal justice. Through the voice of the illustrious diplomat and jurist Vespasian Pella, Romania advocated for the establishment of a permanent international criminal jurisdiction to support peace and stability in the world, even during the interwar period. Romania signed the Rome Statute of the ICC on July 7, 1999, and ratified it through Law no. 111 of March 28, 2002, being among the first 60 states to undertake this step, thus enabling the entry into force of the Statute,” the Ministry of Foreign Affairs recalls.
Most recently, Romania was among the states that, on March 2, 2022, petitioned the Prosecutor of the ICC to investigate war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide committed in the context of the war initiated by Russia against Ukraine, according to the statement.