President Klaus Iohannis has Okayed on Friday the criminal prosecution go-aheads against former president Ion Iliescu, former PM Petre Romania, and former minister Gelu Voican Voiculescu in the Revolution file, as required by the Prosecutor General Augustin Lazar 11 days ago. Therefore, the three former top officials can be investigated in this high-sounding case, which has remained unsolved for 28 years.
Early this month, Romania’s Prosecutor General Augustin Lazar sent president Klaus Iohannis the request for criminal prosecution against former president Ion Iliescu, former PM Petre Romania and former minister Gelu Voican Voiculescu in the file of the 1989 Romanian Revolution, related to charges of crime against humanity, the General Prosecutor’s Office has announced on Monday.
“The Prosecutor General’s request is based on the legal and constitutional provisions (article 109, line 2 of the Romanian Constitution, and articles 12 and 19 of the law 115/1999) as well as on the Constitutional Court’s ruling no.270 from March 10, 2008,” says the Prosecutor’s Office press release.
Ion Iliescu’s deeds as member and president of the National Salvation Front Council are investigated. The National Salvation Front was set up on December 22, 1989, as de facto body that exerted the central executive and legislative rule until the decree of December 27, 1989, when the president of the council also gained the position as head of state, in this case, Ion Iliescu.
Petre Roman, member of the National Salvation Front Council, was officially named prime minister by the decree on December 26, 1989, while Gelu Voican Voiculescu, also member of the National Salvation Front Council, was appointed deputy prime minister.
Later on Monday, the Presidency confirmed it received the Prosecutor General’s request.
Military prosecutors announced at the end of last year that investigation has substantially advanced in the Revolution file, with investigators ascertaining that evidence related to the organization of the revolution had been destroyed and that there had been three attempts to assassinate communist dictators Nicolae and Elena Ceausescu.
Prosecutors decided to hear numerous witnesses and collaborated with historians, writers and journalists who had boned up on the events of December 1989. They also decided to further check the military and civilian archives of the Romanian Senate.
Petre Roman was first to retort, saying he is astonished and outraged by the criminal prosecution request, while asking why he Revolution file is not referring to those who ordered shooting at people.
Read more about this case here.