Romania’s resident population was 19.5 million inhabitants on January 1, 2018, the natural increase being negative, the National Statistics Institute (INS) informs on Thursday.
July 11 is marked by the United Nations as World Population Day, as on July 11, 1987 the world’s population reached the symbolic threshold of five billion inhabitants.
Since then, the planet’s population has continued to grow, with the exception of the countries of Europe, including Romania, where natural growth is negative.
INS informs that on January 1, 2018, Romania’s resident population was of 19.530 million inhabitants. The female population accounted for 51.1% of the total.
Compared to January 1, 2017, on January 1, 2018, the demographic aging phenomenon is deepening, by the fall in the share of younger population and the increase of the elderly (65 and over) from 17.8% to 18.2%.
The adult population (15-64 years) represents 66.2% of the total, down by 163,800 as compared to early 2017.
On January 1, 2018, the North-East Development Region (with counties: Bacău, Botoşani, Iaşi, Neamţ, Suceava, Vaslui) had the largest number of inhabitants, with a share of 16.5% in the resident population of the country. At the opposite side, was the West Development Region (comprising the counties: Arad, Caras-Severin, Hunedoara, Timis) with a share of only 9.1% in the country’s resident population.
In 2017, life expectancy at birth was 75.73 years, up by 0.17 years against the previous year, with women having an average life expectancy by 6.95 years longer than men.
In 2018, the natural increase of the resident population continued to be negative (of -75,300 persons), with negative values being recorded in all regions of the country.
According to the UN Population Division, on July 1, 2019, the world’s population was estimated at 7.7 billion people.