The Impact of an Abortion Ban on Socioeconomic Outcomes of Children: from Romania
Undoubtedly, the abortion ban significantly affects both the society and economy of any country where it’s adopted. Let’s find out how and why it happens.
Abortion in today’s world
Today, the legal status of abortion varies from one country to another. While some of them prohibit it, others permit this act to save the mother’s life only. There are governments that allow women to resort to abortion because of broad medical grounds, and there are those that necessarily consider social factors first. However, in some countries, abortion can be made without the need to specify the reason for it.
According to some estimates, 1 in 4 pregnancies ends in abortions, and approximately 40 million abortions occur each year worldwide. Unfortunately, there are no statistics available on the number of abortions made illegally. This leads to significant medical risks that largely depend on numerous factors, including method, the woman’s health, gestation period, and more. Therefore, people still actively debate about abortion permission on a national level. If you want to learn what they typically say for and against abortion, you can check pro life arguments in students’ essays on Eduzaurus or read expert articles on specialized medical websites. One of the most common arguments against abortion is that it increases the risk of premature births. Also, it may contribute to fertility decline. Some people believe that abortions must be viewed as a moral and ethical problem, so they shouldn’t be promoted in society and must be banned by the government. But is this right? Let’s analyze this point of view based on one study researching the impact of the abortion ban in Romania.
Abortion as a social issue in Romania
In 1966, abortion was criminalized in Romania by Nicolae Ceauşescu, whose regime stands as one of the most impactful in the history of the country. It was done to achieve specific demographic goals of the state. In particular, the governments demanded each family to have at least four children. After signing Decree 770 in 1966, the authorities had to apply severe measures and punishments for abortions. In fact, this law completely controlled people’s reproductive lives. Can you just imagine that special gynecological examinations were mandatory for all women of fertile age? What’s more, childless couples at the age of over 25 were charged a so-called celibacy tax. How could it happen that previously liberal Romania’s laws suddenly became so oppressive?
This led to extremely negative consequences, including acute social issues, such as overcrowding in schools and hospitals. Furthermore, population growth required more investments in infrastructure, which weren’t provided by the government. As a result, there was a substantial lack of public services. You can learn more about this strong spike in population growth and the following crisis if you browse through social issues essay examples and topics about Romania. No doubt, Romania’s experience with banning abortion to regulate human reproduction can be relevant to other countries worldwide. So everyone must be aware of the effects of repressive abortion policies on society.
Study results on early child outcomes
The biggest study of the impact of an abortion ban on socioeconomic outcomes explored early infant outcomes. According to its data, the restrictive law caused significant increases in stillbirths and infant deaths. The researchers revealed that the infant mortality rate grew by 27% in the first two years after policy adoption. In the year following the restriction introduction, the late fetal death rate increased by 22%. Unfortunately, there was also a substantial surge in low birth weights during the same period. The statistics show that the percentage of children with low birth weight rose from 8.1% to 10.6% between the years 1966 and 1967. One of the possible explanations of such outcomes is the lack of pre and post-natal care because of crowding in hospitals.
The impact of the ban on average education outcomes was also significant. The study demonstrates that children born after the restrictive policy implementation had better educational outcomes. Surprisingly enough, they were more likely to finish high school and graduate from the university. How could that be explained? Scientists assume that the number of children born from urban well-educated parents having good jobs dramatically increased. As you see, the overall impact of the ban on children’s educational outcomes is quite positive.
The researchers have revealed that regulation change resulted in increased women’s fertility. As the population kept growing, schools and other public institutions faced crowding. It became much more difficult for them to provide services and meet citizens’ needs due to the lack of necessary resources. The crowding effect was seen not only in the schooling system but in the labor market as well. Unfortunately, the competition between job candidates became more severe.
The impact of abortion regime change on a socio-economic situation can be assessed based on Romania’s experience. The unusual history of this country provides much evidence on how abortion legislation affects people. According to the statistical studies conducted in Romania, children born after the abortion ban demonstrate higher educational achievements. What’s more, they are more competitive in the labor market. This can be explained the following way: the composition of families having children has changed and the ratio of educated and socially successful parents grew. What’s more, the enormous increase in fertility following the new laws led to crowding in schools and increased competition in the labor market.
Michael Turner is an academic writer and researcher. Michael helps students with their college assignments in Law and Social Economics and writes essays on a wide range of subjects. He also studies the impact of law regulations on the socio-economic situations in different countries