One of the most contagious diseases of childhood – varicella – is spreading rapidly. More and more patients are hospitalised with severe complications. Dozens of children and adults are already hospitalised at the ‘Matei Bals’ Institute of Infectious Diseases in Bucharest – many more than usual. The vaccine is the only method of protection, physicians say. Those who have developed varicella (chicken pox) become immune for life, stiri.tvr.ro informs.
Lately, there have been many cases with complications such as cerebral ataxia, which causes severe balance disorders, severe headache and vomiting, but also with pneumonia, arthritis and others.
Risks are higher for adults and elderly people who develop varicella.
Varicella or chicken pox is extremely contagious. The virus is transmitted very easily through air currents. The incubation period is between 10 days and three weeks.
Two or three days before the fever and skin eruption appear, the patient is the most contagious, experts say.
The virus also causes shingles, a disease that develops mainly on grandparents who become infected by the grandchildren.
The anti-varicella vaccine is not on the mandatory list and costs more than RON 100. Doctors recommend the vaccine after one year of age.