Romania posted a consistent cultural activity last year, as revealed by the statistics of cultural activities released by the National Institute of Statistics (INS).
Therefore, more than 13 million people visited museum and public collections in 2015, while cultural and artistic institutions, companies and concert halls gave more than 22,500 performances, attended by 5.8 million spectators. At the same time, libraries lent, on average, 11 volumes to (active) users and a pupil who attended the school library borrowed, on average, 8 volumes. Besides, the same figures show that last year Romania had 338 cinema theatres and over 11 million people went to see a movie.
The culture of a nation is represented by the material and spiritual values it has created over time and that have been passed on from generation to generation through cultural institutions, reads the INS press release.
390 museums, 21 botanical gardens and zoos, 14 naturale reserves
In terms of museum activities, in 2015 the network of museums and public collections included 431 basic units and was made up of 390 museums, 6 monuments, 21 botanical gardens, zoos, aquaria and 14 nature reserves.
The number of cultural and natural goods at the end of 2015 amounted to 15 million goods, with 14 million cultural goods and museum objects, and 932,000 plants and animals of botanical gardens, zoological gardens, aquaria and nature reserves.
The number of museum and public collection visitors recorded in 2015 was 13.1 million persons; slightly more than half a million of them (3.9%) made visits free of charge during the “Night of Museums”.
1,633 basic exhibitions and 3,061 temporary exhibitions were organized in 2015. 6,589 people were museum workers countrywide, with 53.2% of them, meaning 3,505 people were specialized staff.
Most Romanians prefer theatre performances
The 254 institutions and companies for arts performing or concerts gave more than 22.500 performances last year, attended by 5.8 million spectators.
In 2015 the highest number of spectators was recorded in theatres, with more than 2.4 million persons attending theatre performances (41.7%), and in the shows performed by artistic ensembles, dance and entertainment bands, attended by 1.8 million spectators (31.6%).
So, there were 292 spectators per 1,000 inhabitants attending performances in Romania last year.
Overall, 11,700 people were working in these companies at the end of 2015.
487,700 film screenings, attended by 11.2 million persons
According to the records of the National Council of Cinematography, at the end of 2015 the cinema network included 82 normal-band cinema units (81 cinemas and one caravan). The cinema network had 338 cinema halls and 68.4 thousand seats. There were more than 487,700 film screenings, attended by 11.2 million persons.
442 films were distributed in cinemas in 2015, of which 57 national films (42 entirely national films and 15 co-productions) and 385 foreign films.
The national film production for the big screen in 2015 included 43 films, of which 18 fiction films produced by Romania, 12 fiction films that were co-productions, 4 documentary and scientific films and 9 animation films.
576 units that published newspapers and magazines operated in 2015. Among these, 254 publishing houses published (daily and non-daily) newspapers, 274 published magazines, and 48 published both newspapers and magazines.
123 titles of printed daily newspapers and 209 titles of printed non-daily newspapers were published in 2015 by the 302 units that published newspapers.
Also, 146 titles of daily newspapers and 101 titles of non-daily newspapers were published online. 322 publishing houses published periodicals (magazines) in 2015.
The number of titles of periodicals (magazines) published in 2015 consisted of 1,471 titles of printed periodicals and 409 titles of online periodicals.
Most of the periodicals (magazines) were intended for a specialized audience, namely 860 titles (58.5%), while the rest (611 printed titles) were intended for the general public.
More than 10,000 libraries providing 165 million volumes
The network of libraries in operation in 2015 was made up of more than 10,ooo basic units and 107 branches. The libraries put over 165 million volumes at the public’s disposal.
In the urban area 3,643 libraries and 100 branches of these libraries were in operation, with an overall stock of 125.5 million volumes (75.8% of the national book stock available in libraries), and in the rural area, although the number of libraries was considerably higher than in the urban area (6,468 libraries and only 7 branches), the book stock was a lot smaller, below 40 million volumes.
The number of active users exceeded 3.5 million persons in 2015. The number of volumes lent to the various users amounted to 40.6 million volumes in 2015, with an average of 11 volumes per user.
The greatest number of volumes lent per user was recorded in university libraries, where the average was 20 volumes per user, followed by county libraries, with an average of 18 volumes per user. In school libraries 8 volumes were lent, on average, per user.
The network of public libraries, accessible to the general public from all areas of the country and made up of county, municipal, town and communal libraries, contained, in own collections, 29.7 million titles of printed and electronic books and 46.7 million volumes of printed books and periodicals
1.4 million active users benefitting from the services of these libraries (7.0% of the country’s population).