“Transterrados”. 75 years of exile: Spaniards in the Mexican cinema


Cervantes Institute in Bucharest presents five films produced in Mexico in the 40s to 60s, in partnership with Mexico Embassy to Romania at its HQs on 38 Queen Elisabeta Blvd during Novermber 10-12. The event enjoys the support of the Center for the Mexican Studies with the Mexico Autonomous University in Madrid and of the National Autonomous University in Mexico.

As the Civil War ends in Spain, Spaniards massively emigrated in various corners of the world, a process that is defining for the Spanish identity of the 20th century. Mexico was one of the countries that welcomed a high number of Spanish immigrants with a large generosity. Philosopher Jose Gaos, exiled himself in Mexico, named these immigrants „transterrados, meaning persons who have to leave their native country and go to foreign lands, but which are familiar to them and which end to be their adoptive country.”

The Spanish filmmakers arrived in Mexico in a golden moment for the Mexican cinema that was in full swing and which welcomed them with open arms: Luis Buñuel, Miguel Morayta, Carlos Velo sau scenaristii Paulino Masip, Jaime Salvador, Max Aub, Julio Alejandro; muzicienii como Antonio Díaz Conde, Gustavo Pittaluga, Rodolfo Halftter, graficianul Renau, were some of them.

The next generation, the offsprings of those known as „transterrados”, also hall-marked the Mexican cinema, contributing to the pass from classic cinema to the new wave. Luis Alcoriya, pe María Luisa Elío or Jomi García Ascot are benchmark names.

The films will have English subtitle. The access is free, limited number of seats. Reservations at cultbuc@cervantes.es.cinema

La barraca (Mexio, 1945, drama, 110 minutes) directed by Roberto Gavaldón on November 10, 7 p.m.

Tío Barret’s family must abandon their house in the Valencia orchard for they cannot pay debts to the owner. Furios and drunk, Nea Barret kills Don Salvador and is sent to prison.

Vértigo (Mexico, 1946, 82 minutes) by Antonio Momplet on November 11, at 6 p.m.

Mercedes Mallea got married since she was a girl and she became widow since youth. Despite she is still very attractive, she decides to live alone at the farm, while her daughter leaves to study abroad. Many years after, daughter Gabriela returns home and presents her future husband, Arturo, to her mother. A deep, dangerous passion starts beween Mercedes and Arturo.

Nazarín (Mexico, 1959, 92 min) by Luis Buñuel on November 11, at 8 p.m.

Father Nazario lives in a sordid room in a ill-famed neighborhood. He has no fortune. All that he earns he offers to the poor or is stolen from him. At some point, a prostitute charged with murder asks him to shelter her. The film was awarded the International Prize at Cannes’ official section in 1959.

Trailer: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xwvla9JqUaE

Tiburoneros (Mexico, 1962, 100 min) directed by Luis Alcoriza on November 12 at 6 p.m.

One of the best shark hunters lives on Tabasco coast, togehter with his mistress. Suddenly, he has to choose between staying there and returning to the Capital city. He opts for the second version, although he is not happy at all with it…

En el balcón vacío (Mexico, 1961, Ficción. 70 min) by Jomi García Ascot on November 12, at 8 p.m.

Shot with a very low budget and with a 16mm camera, the movie is exploring the Civil War in Spain through the eyes of a girl: Gabriela, now a woman and exiled to Meix.

The film was awarded the Fipresci prize at Locarno International Festival in 1962.

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