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The European Commission sends five warnings to Romania over the transposing of directives

The European Commission has sent to Romania on Wednesday five decisions, including two letters of formal notice and three reasoned opinions in the following areas: the digital single market, the environment, mobility and transports.

1. Commission calls on 7 Member States, including Romania, to carry out analysis of the relevant telecom markets on time

National regulatory authorities must carry out analysis of telecom markets susceptible to EU Regulation every three years under the current legal framework (Directive 2002/21/EC) and notify the corresponding measure to the European Commission. Belgium, Hungary, Ireland, Poland, Romania, Slovenia and Spain have not informed the Commission about their analysis. Therefore, the Commission, by sending a letter of formal notice, decided today to request those seven countries to carry out their analysis without delay of relevant telecom markets and inform the Commission within the timeframe set by the EU law. For all seven cases, the delays are significantly over five years. The 7 Member States concerned have two months to reply.

  1. Commission urges Cyprus, Germany, ROMANIA and Slovenia to adopt noise maps and action plans on environmental noise

The European Commission calls on Cyprus, Germany, Romania and Slovenia to comply with the key provisions of the Noise Directive (Directive 2002/49/EC). Environmental noise – as caused by road, rail and airport traffic – is the second main cause for premature death after air pollution. The Directive requires Member States to adopt noise maps showing noise exposure within the bigger agglomerations, along main railways and main roads and of major airports. These maps then serve as a basis for defining measures in noise action plans.  (…) Cyprus and Romania have still not adopted all the noise maps and noise action plans for agglomerations and major roads. In the case of Romania – also for major railways outside agglomerations. The Commission has, therefore, decided to send Cyprus and Romania a letter of formal notice, requesting themto comply with the key obligations of the Noise Directive within two months.

  1. Commission urges 9 Member States to transpose rules on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure

The Commission has asked Bulgaria, Denmark, Estonia, France, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania and Sweden to fully transpose EU rules on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure (Directive 2014/94/EU). The main purpose of the Directive is to establish a common framework for the large-scale roll-out of alternative fuels infrastructure in Europe. This is essential to reduce transport oil-dependence, mitigate its environmental impact and thereby strengthen Europe’s leadership in the fight against climate change. The Directive sets out minimum requirements for the building-up of alternative fuels infrastructure, including recharging points for electric vehicles and refuelling points for natural gas and hydrogen. It had to be implemented by 18 November 2016 at the latest. However, these Member States have only partially notified the Commission of measures transposing the Directive into national law. The 9 Member States now have two months to notify the Commission of such measures; otherwise, the Commission may decide to refer the case to the Court of Justice of the EU.

  1. Commission requests Croatia and ROMANIA to enact EU rules on lightweight plastic carrier bags

The Commission is urging Croatia and Romania to complete the enactment of EU waste legislation into their national laws (Plastic Bags Directive, Directive (EU) 2015/720). In view of tackling resource waste and littering, Member States had to adopt measures to reduce the consumption of lightweight plastic carrier bags as required by the Plastic Bags Directive by 27 November 2016. The Directive obliges Member States to achieve this by putting a price on lightweight plastic carrier bags, and/or introducing national reduction targets. National governments can choose from among a list of measures to achieve the commonly agreed objectives. These include economic instruments, such as charges or levies. Another option is national reduction targets: Member States must ensure that no more than 90 of these bags are consumed per person a year by the end of 2019. By the end of 2025, that number should be down to no more than 40 bags per person. Both options may be achieved either through compulsory measures or agreements with economic sectors. It is also possible to ban plastic bags provided those bans do not go beyond the limits established by the Directive in order to preserve free movement of goods within the European Single Market. The Commission verifies by way of priority whether the Member States have fulfilled the obligation to transpose this Directive. Today, the Commission sends a reasoned opinion to Croatia and Romania for continued failure to notify the Commission of their measures. These Member States now have two months to reply to this reasoned opinion. In the absence of a satisfactory response, the Commission may refer the Member States to the Court of Justice of the EU.

  1. Commission calls on ROMANIA to communicate measures to reduce emissions from petrol vapour

The European Commission decided to send a reasoned opinion to Romania for failing to communicate measures to reduce emissions from petrol vapour according to EU rules on air quality (Commission Directive 2014/99/EU). This Directive is an essential instrument to protect human health and the environment by limiting the emission of volatile organic compounds from petrol into the air. Member States had to transpose an amendment to the Directive by 13 March 2016. Romania has still not notified the legal instruments enacting provisions on the testing of petrol vapour recovery systems into national law. The Commission is, therefore, sending a reasoned opinion, and giving the Romanian authorities two months to reply. In the absence of a satisfactory response, the Commission may refer Romania to the Court of Justice of the EU.

About Valeriu Lazar