Cozia National Park, the land where oaks grow at over 1,000 meters altitude
The National Park is a natural reservation since 2000 and spreads over 17,000 hectares area in Valcea County. It is located in the South-Central part of the Carpathians, including the eastern part of Capatanii Massif, Cozia Mountains and the south-eastern part of Lotrului Mountains. Cozia National Park is approximately 25 kilometers away from Ramnicu Valcea and 45 kilometers from Sibiu.
This area is the most recent national park set up in Romania, being a true natural museum. 7,000 hectares of the park are dedicated to scientific research only. Here we can find some of the most amazing mountain plants, endemic plants, thus experts have named this area ‘the flower park’.
Cozia Massif, which defines one of the most beautiful national parks in Romania, is the land where the oak grows at over 1,000 meters altitude, where the horned viper and the Sub Carpathian scorpion live.
Cozia National Park is a mountain area with a wide geological and geomorphological variety: karst relief with pointed peaks, calcareous crests, caves, gorges, valleys, forests, and meadows.
Protected plant species that are found in this area are the edelweiss, white ivy, ground pine (Lycopodium tristachyum). Protected species of mammals are the wolf, fox, wild cat, lynx, marten tree, hedgehog, stone marten, squirrel, bear, Carpathian stag, wild boar and chamois.
The national park is perfect for hiking lovers, with a lot of tourist trails of various difficulties. The highest mountain is Cozia Peak, Ciuha Neamtului (about 1,700 meters). Most of the routes are marked and arranged for tourists, but one of the particularities of this mountain is the lack of springs.
The park includes no less than four monasteries heritage – Cozia, Turnu, Ostrov and Stanisoara, waterfalls, caves, ancient vestiges – three Roman castra, whereof the one from Arutela being quite well preserved. According to some legends, Cozia Massif is the sacred mountain of the Dacians.
The valuable heritage of botanical and faunal reserve gives this space a special status, ranking it among the most important natural reserves across our country.