Timisoara – the city of flowers
Timisoara, the city of flowers, also called the Little Vienna is the third largest city in Romania, located in the southeastern Pannonian Plain (Campia Panoniei) and is crossed by Bega River, its channel being built since 1728. It is the main social, economic and cultural centre in the western part of Romania. The city is a candidate to become the 2021 European Capital of Culture.
Timisoara’s reputation as the city of flowers and parks comes from the large number of parks in the city, mostly along Bega River, but particularly for the prestige that the city won since the nineteenth century, as many flower growers especially roses, famous throughout Europe, used to live here.
The first relaxation and promenade park for the wealthier population was opened in Timisoara in 1850. In 1919, Timi?oara gained 262,000 square meters of public plantings, 22,189 trees planted along the road and three greenhouses, including one with palm trees. If you arrive in Timisoara you should definitely visit at least one of its parks.
Known as the Cultural Park and Relaxation ‘Stefan Plavi’ this is the most famous park in the city. Some say it was built with the contribution of the rich women in town who financed it from their own revenues, bringing the finest varieties of roses. The park was inaugurated in 1934 with the contribution of famous gardeners of that time: Muhle, Niemetz and Agatsy. In 1891, during the Universal Exposition attended by King Franz Josef the presentation of the park was made by Wilhelm Mühle, and it presented more than 300 species of roses. Mühle was the owner of a horticultural garden with 17 solariums, and the roses he cultivated were renowned abroad as well. Even the queens of Hungary, Romania and Serbia used to order wreaths and bouquets of flowers from the master gardener.
Since 2009 Timisoara celebrates, the ‘Rose Day’ every last Thursday of May.
The park is open from Tuesday to Sunday between 8.00 and 22.00, closed on Monday.
The Botanic Park
The first plan of Timisoara Botanical Garden dates back in 1966 and was designed by architect Silvia Grumeza. Its surface stretches on almost 9 hectares. Between 1930 and 1935 the land on this area was covered with woody vegetation. During decorations, plants from parks over Romania, but also from private collections were brought here. There have been international exchanges for seeds, which is why the plants you see here are to be found in America, Asia or the Tropics. It was declared a scientific reservation, for the first time, in 1995.
Central Park in Timisoara located next to the Metropolitan Cathedral has an impressive history. In the eighteenth century, it used to serve as a military cemetery which was closed in 1770. One hundred years later, General Anton Scudier, military commander of the city, ordered the place to be turned into a promenade place as quickly as possible. First, the ashes were moved to the Heroes Cemetery in Calea Lipovei and then the planning for the park began. In Central Park there is a specially designed skate park.
Corso is the name for the walkway that starts from Opera to the Cathedral, on the right side. In the past years this was the promenade for Timisoara’s high society, well lit, with restaurants and luxury shops. The flowers and the green areas on Corso in Victoriei Square impress each season with their arrangements.
This year, Timfloralis, the first festival of flowers in Timisoara took place in May. One could admire a floral piano from 1800, gates, trees and hearts made of natural flowers, but also a network of artificial flowers. In one word, it was a unique floral festival in Romania. The center of Timisoara was filled, during the weekend of 22 to 24 May, with thousands of colorful and fragrant flowers.