Women’s Cave (Pestera Muierilor) or Woman’s Cave (Pestera Muierii) is located next to the Yellow’ Gorges in the southern part of Parang Mountains, Baia de Fier commune, Gorj County. The cave has a length of over 3,600 meters disposed on 4 levels. The lower level is divided into two Speleological reserve sectors: northern sector (1,500 meters) and the southern (880 meters). The upper floor is located at 40 meters height, with a length of 573 meters and it is prepared for tourists.
Situated in a picturesque area and having more than just one entrance, the Woman’ Cave used to serve as a natural fortress, a resistance point for the inhabitants from the neighboring settlements that helped them over difficult times. One of the entrances offers an excellent observation point over the plains from the South and the other one show the dense forests of the Parang Mountains.
The true attraction of the cave is the Small Dome which looks like a Gothic cupola formed following the millennial precipitations of the calcite. The other rooms are: the Shrine Room, Shrine’ Wave, the Rood Loft, The Big Chandelier and the image of the Blooded Rock (named that way due to the leakage of iron oxide). Another attraction is the cave bat colonies numbering about two thousand exemplars. The species is a common one, which is also encountered in other areas of the country. You can admire them gathered in colonies, hundreds of them, in spring or in autumn when they are preparing for hibernation.
Woman’ Cave it also the very place where archaeologists have found proof that the cave was inhabited by humans dating Paleolithic and middle Upper Paleolithic.
There are two legends linked to the name of the cave. One says that in the past, when men went to war, women took their children and together with the elders took shelter in the grotto until the danger passed. The second story tells that the name would come from the fact that in the very dry days in summer, women sat down and spun out near the entrance of the cave, where the air that burst from inside out made their work (twisting wires) much easier.
Women’s Cave was the first electrified cave in the country. The development began in 1963 and was completed in 1978, thus making the cave the most visited and popular in Romania.