Canada marks National Day

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From coast to coast since 1868, Canada’s national holiday is celebrated on July 1 by Canadians across the country and around the world.

The day commemorates the founding of the Canadian federal government by the British North America Act of 1 July, 1867. Prior to 1982, Canada Day was known as Dominion Day and Confederation Day. The name was changed to Canada Day on 27 October, 1982 by an act of parliament. This day of national importance celebrates the union of the British colonies of the Upper and Lower Canada into a single dominion under the name of Canada on 1st July 1867. In 2015 the country is celebrating its 147th Canada Day anniversary.

Canada Day festivities include parades, firework displays, summer picnics and a whole host of other fun activities.

 

Country profile in brief

Canada is one of the wealthiest in the world, with the tenth highest nominal per capita income globally, and the eighth highest ranking in the Human Development Index. It also ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, and education.

Canada is the second largest country in the world after Russia. However, its population is only about one-fifth of Russia’s. Nearly 90% of Canadians live within 200km of the border with the United States, which means that Canada contains vast expanses of wilderness to the north. Canada has fewer people than Tokyo’s metropolitan area.canadian-flag1

Canada gradually emerged as a federation of former British colonies, and the provinces retain extensive powers. It follows the British pattern of parliamentary democracy, and the UK monarch is head of state, represented by a largely ceremonial governor-general. French-speaking Quebec has wide-ranging cultural and linguistic autonomy.

Canada is one of the world’s top trading nations, being the world’s eleventh-largest economy as of 2015, with a nominal GDP of about US$1.79 trillion.

While the service sector dominates, Canada also has vast oil reserves and is a major exporter of energy, food and minerals. Canada is one of the few developed nations that are net exporters of energy. Atlantic Canada possesses vast offshore deposits of natural gas, and Alberta also hosts large oil and gas resources. As a matter of fact, Canada has the third largest oil reserves of any country in the world after Saudi Arabia and Venezuela.

The Toronto Stock Exchange is the seventh largest one in the world by market capitalization, listing over 1,500 companies with a combined market capitalization of over US$2 trillion as of 2015.

Close economic integration exists with the US, but Asian markets are growing in importance.

 

Did you know that?

  •  Canada is the World’s Most Educated Country: over half its residents have college degrees.
  • Canada has more lakes than the rest of the world’s lakes combined.
  • Canada has the largest coastline in the world.
  • Canada’s lowest recorded temperature was -81.4 degrees Fahrenheit (-63 C) in 1947.
  • In Newfoundland, Canada, the Atlantic Ocean sometimes freezes so people play hockey on it.
  • With 1,896 km (1,178 mi), the Yonge Street in Canada, is the longest street in the world.
  • The U.S. / Canada Border is the longest international border in the world and it lacks military defense.

    Moraine Lake
    Moraine Lake
  • The third country in space, after The U.S. and the USSR, was Canada, which was considered to have the most advanced space program in 1962? One of Canada’s most unique Centennial projects in 1967 was the building of the world’s first UFO Landing Pad in St. Paul, Alberta.
  • Large parts of Canada have less gravity than the rest of Earth. The phenomenon was discovered in the 1960s.
  • Prostitution is legal in Canada. Buying the services of a prostitute is not.
  • The Mall of America is owned by Canadians.
  • Canada consumes more macaroni and cheese than any other nation in the world.
  • “Canada” is an Iroquoian language word meaning “Village.”
  • Residents of Churchill, Canada, leave their cars unlocked to offer an escape for pedestrians who might encounter Polar Bears.
  • Licence plates in the Canadian Northwest Territories are shaped like polar bears.
  • In 2010, a Canadian man rescued a newborn baby from a dumpster, only to find out he was the father.
  • Canada is the garter snake capital of the world.
  • Canada holds an annual bathtub race in Vancouver Island.
  • Entrepreneur harvest icebergs in Labrador and Newfoundland to make unique products such as wine, vodka, beer and even skincare products.

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